The Birth of John the Baptist

Luke 1

1. How does the New Testament differ from the Old?

It speaks of the fulfillment of the promise in Christ Jesus. Heb. 1:1, 2

2. What is the promise?

God’s oath that He will save His people, and bring them into heavenly glory through Christ Jesus.

3. Who was the last prophet before Christ?

Malachi, who prophesied of the coming of John the Baptist. Mal. 3:1; 4:5

4. What characterized the 400 years between Malachi and the coming of Christ?

The Jews served God with a mere formal worship, and not from the heart.

5. What was the religious development during these 400 years?

Different religious parties arose, such as the self-righteous Pharisees, and the unbelieving Sadducees.

6. What was the political history of Judah during these years?

Except for a brief period during the time of the Maccabees, Judah was subject to foreign nations.

7. Did all in Israel follow the Pharisees and Sadducees?

No, a remnant continued to pray for the coming of the promised Messiah. Luke 2:25, 36.

8. Who announced the birth of John the Baptist?

The angel Gabriel to Zacharias in the temple. Luke 1:15-20

9. What did the angel reveal to Zacharias concerning John?

That he would be a Nazarite prophet, who would call Israel to repentance. Luke 2:15-17

10. What happened to Zacharias when he did not believe the word of the angel?

He became deaf and dumb, as a sign of his unbelief. Luke 1:62-64